Ethnic Groups: Malay and indigenous 61.7%, Chinese 20.8%, Indian 6.2%, other 0.9%, non-citizens 10.4% (2017 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $933.3 billion (2017 est.)
GDP per capita: $29,100 (2017 est.)
Unemployment: 3.4% (2017 est.)
Malaysia is made up of two noncontiguous regions: West Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula, which consists of 11 states, and East Malaysia, on the island of Borneo, which consists of two states.
Since Malaysia’s independence in 1957, the sultans who are the hereditary monarchs in nine of the country’s 13 states have selected one of themselves to serve a five-year term as king. The king’s role is largely ceremonial in Malaysia, and the power to govern resides with the federal Parliament and the prime minister.
1942-1945 – During World War II, Japan occupies the British protectorates Malaya and Borneo.
1946 – The Malayan Union is established and is originally comprised of 11 states.
1948 – The Malayan Union becomes the Federation of Malaya.
1957 – The Federation of Malaya becomes independent of Great Britain.
September 16, 1963 – Malaysia is established and includes the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, and the Sarawak and Sabah colonies.
September 17, 1963 – The Philippines severs diplomatic relations with Malaysia due to disagreements over territory in Sabah.
April 23, 1964 – The Malaysian Defense Ministry reports that Indonesian terrorists and guerillas were behind the deaths of nearly three dozen Malaysians between September and March.
May 1964 – The Philippines and Malaysia resume diplomatic relations with consular missions in Manila and Kuala Lumpur.
November 19, 1964 – Malaysia bans Indonesian-bound ships and planes carrying weapons and ammunition from its airfields and ports.
August 1965 – Singapore breaks away from the Malaysian federation.
July 1981 – Mahathir becomes Malaysia’s fourth prime minister, minister of home affairs and minister of justice.
2009 – Prime Minister Najib Razak takes office. He is the son and nephew of former prime ministers.
April 11, 2012 – Paramount Ruler Tuanku Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah takes office as head of state.
January 2014 – Following a lengthy court battle that began in 1998, opposition leader and former Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Anwar is acquitted of a sodomy charged.
December 2016 – Muhammad V is sworn in as the 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Malaysia’s head of state. Previously, he reigned as sultan of Kelantan province for six years.
May 9, 2018 – Former Prime Minister Mahathir, who ruled from 1981 until 2003, wins 121 seats in the country’s parliament, enough to form a simple majority and take control of the House.